5 Reasons to Hire a Professional Carpet Cleaning Service

 

Surely, you are tired of walking on and staring at dirty floors. This explains why you might be looking into renting a heavy-duty cleaning machine. If you tackle the tedious job by yourself, you will save money. However, your plan can quickly backfire if you make one or more missteps, so why take a chance when there is a much better option on the table? Take into account these five reasons to work with a professional carpet cleaning service:

 

  1. Licensed Cleaners Have the Required Knowledge and Insights

 

Dissimilar carpets need a different amount of attention and a specific cleaning solution. While you will probably have to use your best judgment and unreliable methods, professionals will draw on their pertinent knowledge and excellent insights to clean your carpets right. Because they have high-powered equipment, they can complete deep cleanings in a timely manner.

 

  1. Removing Age-Old Spots and Unsightly Stains Is Easy Work for Licensed Cleaners

 

Uplifting embedded debris is challenging when you don’t have a good understanding of what to do. The involved process can also be risky since irreversible damage can occur if you use the wrong cleaning products. That’s why it makes sense to hire professional cleaning services. They cost money because they can effectively get rid of stubborn stains without damaging your carpets in any way. Licensed cleaners know which stain-removing methods will have the desired effect.

 

  1. There’s a Reduced Risk of Water Damage

 

Compared to their cheaper counterparts, first-rate cleaning machines will do a much better job of minimizing water damage. Nevertheless, they can’t outperform the equipment that licensed cleaners use. This is the case because the professional equipment doesn’t just saturate carpets. It also absorbs the excess water to facilitate the drying process. The faster your carpets dry, the less likely mold will grow.

 

  1. Licensed Cleaners Have the Expertise and the Determination to Work Past the Difficulties in the Job

 

There’s more to getting rid of spots than meets the eye. Although it’s not an exact science, you need a certain amount of know-how to steer clear of common issues. That’s why the job is best left to licensed cleaners. They have a sufficient degree of expertise, so they are more proficient at cleaning carpets. Proficiency is essential when the goal is to produce the best possible results.

 

  1. You Save More Money in the End by Working With Experts

 

For laymen, mistakes are common and almost impossible to avoid. One setback, like discoloring a section of carpet, can be costly because you might have to replace the entire floor. Therefore, hiring professional carpet cleaning services will prove to be a money-saving decision. Licensed cleaners can do high-quality work that will restore your carpets to mint condition.

5 Reasons to Hire A Licensed Electrician

 

For those of us who love the idea of doing it ourselves, it feels good to expand our horizons and learn something new. We get a sense of accomplishment from acquiring a new skill. In the case of the wiring in your house, however, it is best to leave that to the professionals. Here are five reasons why.

 

  1. Live Wires and Inexperience Don’t Mix

 

First and foremost, when you are undertaking any project, safety is the most important factor, always. That said, because of the nature of electricity, a simple mistake can have reasonably dire consequences.

 

Whether you’ve forgotten to make sure a wire wasn’t live (meaning it wasn’t running a current) or if you’ve made a mistake with the soldering and something accidentally catches light…inside of your wall. Better safe than sorry.

 

  1. Materials Expense

 

A lot of the appeal in DIY is getting things done for less. It’s like bargain shopping, but it comes with a tangible and useful result, like a properly functioning toilet or a lovely custom coffee table. But in the case of electrical work, there is no equivalent for getting palette wood to craft your awesome coffee table.

 

All material must be up to code, which means that you are going to need to invest in quality materials. And because you haven’t received training, you may find you need to repurchase these materials several times as you will inevitably make mistakes. In the end, it may be more expensive and more frustrating than hiring a professional.

 

  1. Quality

 

You can read up on currents and circuitry and tackle that codebook if you want to; however, when it comes to learning new things, mistakes are just part of the game. That’s fine if you are experimenting with things like new composting methods or a different way to apply paint, not great when dealing with electrical work.

 

You may be shocked about how much can go wrong in your novice hands, and since you lack the training, the quality of the repair is going to be subpar at best.

 

  1. Following Code

 

As mentioned above, all material must be up to code, and they also must be installed to code. This means that you are going to need to invest a good chunk of time studying the regulations. To properly do a residential electrical job, you need to know a good bit about your state and county laws concerning code and install rules.

 

Considering that electricians study for five years to acquire this knowledge, it is not a weekend job.

 

  1. Efficiency

 

Taking your time to puzzle things out is fine when you are making your custom bird feeders, spending that much time on the electrical issue in your house isn’t typically an option.

 

If you add it all up – factoring in acquiring materials, reading up on circuitry, attempting to digest code and then however long it takes you to make heads or tails of the project, typically won’t be saving you anything, money or time.

 

It is much more prudent to have a professional come in and do a same-day fix, rather than try and tinker with an issue over a couple of weeks and possibly accidentally make it worse in the process.

Check out  https://mcaelectric.com/ for a great example!

Know who you want to hire for roof repairs before disaster strikes

               How To Correctly & Easily Find A Professional Roof Repair Company

Putting in a new roof is among one of the many essential and costly home improvement ventures that you will be facing as a homeowner. Your roof and your side is your house’s front line of defense against the elements. Either you need a quick fix or a total replacement, a reliable roofing professional will need to be hired. Here are a few ways to assist you locate your contractor— and work with him.

The cost of repairing a roof runs from $450 to $1,300. If it leaks, cracks and shows other signs of wear and tear, you might need a professional to repair it. This job will be performed by many roofing professionals they have installed before. If you have to consider hiring a professional other than the initial installer, be sure to keep an eye for repair companies.

 

Employing a roof inspection professional or providing routine maintenance may increase the roof’s lifespan. The average cost of hiring a roof inspector is around $175. Based on the material you might want to schedule service every 9 to 18 months. When you install a new roof, some companies are offering repair plans, but many are not performing this service.

 

To begin the research, find a reputable website such as Home Adviser or others that can help you determine eligible roofing specialists with the following services: Link homeowners with local home improvement contractors and assist with future conflicts. Place contractors through a thorough ten-step screening process before considering them for the job.

Visit assurancecontractors.com/roofing-contruction-ft-collins-co/ 

 

Look for quality-controlled client ratings and reviews so that you can view what homeowners feel of specific contractors and roof construction companies. These reviews can create a strong opportunity for contractors to meet your standards and surpass them. You’re likely to find all this knowledge on your own. By surfing a list of reliable professionals that can help you create the best outcome, you will save yourself some time save time.

 

In order to measure a truthful and acceptable price range, you should speak with many roofing companies. Before making a hire choice, interview at least three experts. Compare the offers, but understand that only one part of the operation is the cost. Be careful about any bids that are exceptionally low or too high. For an initiative that can end up costing several thousand dollars, you definitely don’t want to make the choice on a couple of hundred dollars. Putting a new roof on average costs about $7,500, but before you get an overall price, you will have to choose a material and design.

How to Hire and Pay to the International Contractors

Most businesses are adopting the practice of finding international talents from outside, but many of them do not understand the legal consequences of establishing cross-border business relations. This will help you identify what needs to be considered into account by your company to build a hassle-free and stable business. An online business employs contractors from a range of countries.

In deciding whether an individual is an independent contractor or an employee, a company has to take up all the factors. There will be many factors that may indicate that the individual is an employee, while others will suggest that the individual might be an independent contractor.

Who are International Contractors –

In particular, individuals who are in an autonomous occupation, company or career offering their services to the public are independent contractors as per the IRS concept. The issuer will have the right to determine only the outcome of the job not what is going to get done or how it is going to get done. Contractors are entitled to self-employment tax and there is no need for companies that hire employees to withhold income tax and give benefits.

Let’s look at the below steps for hiring contractors from abroad

Whether your preferred candidate is from another region, the method of recruiting new employees is somewhat different from a traditional system of in-house placement. Skype or some other teleconferencing device may support the entire interview, but you are going to have to ask questions about the remote work situation— specifically about interaction. Don’t make sure to check past experiences and credentials and any other recruit you could.

How to Hire and Pay to the International Contractors

When you employ a foreign worker, you may be concerned about securing work permits. If the employee does not stay for the contract period, you do not have to struggle with permits at all. Furthermore, you will have to get the proper paperwork done and get all the permits if you want to bring an international contractor to your region even if it is for a short duration.

There will be different ways of determining international contractors ‘ withholdings, and it’s important to pay income taxes on time. Failure to pay taxes on time could lead to heavy penalties.

Various methods to pay contractors

  • The best-known way to receive money abroad is through an international wire transfer.
  • Another international payment method that has been developed is a money order. By charging the fee you would like to give including an invoice, this method is very popular among while hiring contractors from abroad.
  • PayPal – one of the most popular internet payment applications to transfer money.
  • Xoom which is owned by PayPal, but provides its very own services to individuals and companies seeking to send funds from the United States.

Wrapping Up

Although recruiting international contractors is certainly different from hiring conventional domestic workers, most employers consider the benefits that make up for the effort needed. If you find a suitable candidate for your business, use the advice above to make ensure that you are prepared properly for the on-boarding process.

What Is a General Contractor?

Also termed as main contractor or prime contractor, a general contractor is vested with the responsibilities of overseeing a construction site, management of the business vendors and communicating the information to all the stakeholders throughout the course of a building project. They act as the intermediary between the builder/developer and the group of subcontractors who execute diverse job assignments such as electrical, plumbing, carpentry, and flooring work.

Structure

A general contractor is an individual or an entity who may hire subcontractors and provide supplies for a given project.

Where are they deployed?

A general contractor can comprise individual partnership, corporation, or any entity or group of entities in business that can execute construction as a contractor. And, they will shoulder total responsibility for the timely completion of the project with the help of the project resources to execute or supervise the work.

General contractors are employed by property developers or property owners to organize and continue the work or diverse types of projects including residential homes, roads, office buildings, treatment plants and government buildings and the like.

They are responsible for hiring subcontractors and overseeing them. They review the architectural plans, purchase building materials, and ensure all deadlines are met.

What Is a General Contractor?

Educational background required

Any individual aspiring to become a general contractor must fulfill the relevant criteria.

The applicant:

  • Should be 18 years or older
  • Must have secured a high school diploma or equivalent qualification duly recognized.
  • Must be eligible to work in the United States as per law.
  • Must have a good work record in the construction sector and should be able to discuss and resolve any job-related issues.

Additional requirement

State governments may mandate each applicant to pass such an exam as may be determined by relevant law. Further, a few states may also make it mandatory to buy a liability insurance cover, read more about liability insurance by clicking here, get Federal Tax Identification Number and submit the address of business with utility or lease bill.

Importance of experience

Real work experience in construction projects is critical to becoming a licensed contractor. You can get experience by working in diverse crafts as a carpenter, electrician, or a plumber. Supervisors experienced in construction are also useful.

Oral and written communication skills

The applicant must have good communication skills (oral and written). This is important because they need to hire and evaluate subcontractors and participate in project negotiations with property developers and owners.

How to get a license?

To get the license, apply for it once you choose an area of work. You need to register your company. You need to pass the contractors’ exam. You may be required to buy insurance and bond as per the rules of the State where you wish to start contracting. Further, your social antecedent must be clean. You can get a Contractor License when you fulfill all these criteria.

To start the job, the applicant must have a contractor license. It is issued to tradesmen having a predetermined level of expertise and experience. These criteria vary across States.

Benefits of license

Though a few states contracting is permissible without a license, having a license will be advantageous for you. You can market yourself to be reliable and trustworthy to hire.

  • The license will make you eligible to work as a legal entity.
  • As you’re licensed, you need to fix electrician, plumbing work, and mechanical work as these types of trades all have license requirements.
  • It will protect you from all potential legal tangles.

Conclusion

Whether you oversee a building or other construction project, you get exposed to the specifications of diverse specialties. All this will enrich your experience, make you employable at competitive remuneration over time.

How To Get The Contractor License

A license is a primary requirement for starting any type of business. Contracting business is no exception. Getting a Contractor license without proper knowledge of the process may get cumbersome and complicated. Plus, the run-around that you may have to experience will run you out of all the enthusiasm you have for your new venture. Let’s walk you through the process of procuring a valid contractor’s license.

Determine the Basic Requirements

This is predominantly something you as an applicant, need to take care of. First things first, determine the nature and scale of business you would be doing. Based on that your license class will be determined. Next check if you would want to add a specialization to your business. Then come the naming and registration of your business. You need to register your company as a proprietorship or a limited company based on which the license will be provided in the name of the registered business. Once all your requirements and company registration documents are ready you can then look into applying for a contractor’s license.

How To Get The Contractor License

Pass an Exam

You may have to sit for a small contractor exam to get a license. Different states have different requirements and the same may vary. These exams comprise of many genera topics based on various business aspects. You may contact the ICC (International Code Council) to know about the exams required in your area. This exam is important as the certificate you obtain after passing this exam is one of the documents required when you apply.

Background Checks and Verification

If you wish to apply for a contractor license you will have to get your background check done by the local authorities. They check if you have any criminal background and provide you with a certificate if you pass the checks. Make sure you retain the Background Check certificate for submission along with the application.

Submit the Application

This is the final and most important step. Ensure that you have gathered all the required documents required to be submitted along with the application forms. Some commonly required documents comprise of; Company name and details, Contracting Class and Specialization, your education and expertise summary, your identification documents, ICC Approved exam passing certificates, Background check certificates, etc. Get in touch with your local authorities and agencies to get the exact details of the required forms to be filled and necessary instructions. Make sure you are filling the forms as per the given instructions. There may be a fee associated with filling and submission of the form. Pay the fees and get an application reference number to track your application.

Wait for It

Good things come to those who wait. And once you have submitted your application you may have to wait a bit but you will eventually get your contractor license. Make sure you obtain a license for each state you want to work in for every state has different regulations. Compliance to the law is the primary reason behind obtaining a license and ensure you are complying with the law of the land at all times in conducting your business.

How to manage your construction business

Are you having difficulties to manage your construction business? Do you want to know how to make profits? Managing a construction business might not be easy especially when you are new to this industry. Construction business demands industry knowledge, expertise in the building process, accounting skills, and understanding of the economic conditions to achieve the desired success. The benefit is that you will always have clients. You just need to know how to reach and inspire your potential clients to invest in new properties. Here are a few things that you can consider to manage your construction company more effectively.

Design Your Team

Your team will have the key role to decide the success of your business. You will have to hire the best skills in the industry. Besides, you will have to train them to perform better regardless of the complexities and demands of projects. You will have to develop a healthy working environment so that your workers will be motivated to contribute to your success, read more about developing healthy working environment at https://www.forbes.com/sites/johnrampton/2015/02/18/8-expert-tips-to-having-a-healthy-company-environment/. You can offer some employee benefits, incentives, and competitive pay. Also, address the safety issues and make sure that all emergencies are handled with the utmost care. These things are important for a successful construction company. As a managing authority, you will have to combine many duties such as training, hiring, firing, and maintaining the discipline in your company.

How to manage your construction business

Delegate Works

A manager must know to bid competitively against competitors. Also, you will have to manage your assets properly to ensure that all your workers are paid on time. A construction company has to manage a lot of things both administrative and financial. Therefore, it is important to hire someone to assist with your work. If someone will be there to look after the office, booking tasks, and communication, you can manage other things efficiently. You will have more time for bidding preparation, worker interaction, and other job duties.

Manage Finances

Construction business demands huge expenses. Some startups consider outside financing for buying vehicles, tools, equipment, and materials. As the manager or owner of a construction company, it is important to understand the financial needs of your company and how to manage it effectively. You should know how to write your business plan and manage long-term and short-term operating costs.

Manage Your Clients

This is one of the important aspects to create your brand identity. Like any other business, the success of your company will depend on your clients. You will have to take all the required steps to satisfy your clients and win their trust. Make sure that you are present to answer their queries. Good communication skills is required to be effective during a conversation. A good construction manager should develop decision-making and problem-solving skills to manage the business smoothly.

All these tips might help you to lead the industry. A skilled construction manager takes care of every detail to ensure that all his team members are working together for the benefit of the company. Concentrate on your leadership, problem-solving skills, team, and company finance to accomplish your job more intelligently and smartly.

What to think about before you start your contracting business

Working as a contractor has many benefits – it pays well than the same salaried job. The predicted growth of the construction industry has made many people consider starting a contracting business. If you’re interested in getting started, here are some considerations you should think about before starting your construction business.

1. Mentoring and expertise

Don’t start a contracting business blindly. There are many resources you will need as a contractor and a business owner. Mentoring is the best way to learn all the ins and outs of any business. Look for a mentor in your local area and spend some time working with him or her. Enroll in a local business class and then develop a business plan.

2. Do your research

There are so many online tools you can use to learn more about running a construction business. Take time to browse blogs, software programs, and general advice. Learn more about software programs that will help you manage your business.

3. Get financing

You need capital to start your business. There are many credit unions and banks offering bank loans at low interest. Look for the best financing option for you. Local Small Business Administration is the best option for a construction business.

What to think about before you start your contracting business

4. Name and register your business

Decide on the best name for your business and then register it. The business name should be unique. For better business, use a name that is related to the service your company will be offering.

Before opening the doors of your company, you need to obtain licenses and permits. A general business license and other specific licenses are required to protect your company and your clients. If you are doing plumbing and electrical work, you need a tradesman license. It is illegal to run an unregistered construction company.

5. Insure your business

Look for an insurance company offering a contractor’s insurance plan. Purchase the plan that includes property, general liability, and vehicle insurance. Make sure to adhere to all the legal requirements when it comes to obtaining insurance coverage.

6. Arrange surety bonds

A surety bond is a third party guarantee that pays customers when your company is unable to fulfill all the work obligations stated in your contract. Regulations for surety bonds vary from state to state. Look at your state’s surety bond requirements or talk to a surety bond agent near you.

7. Develop an OSHA plan

The Occupational Safety and Health Act requires all workers employed in a construction company to work in a safe environment. The construction industry has many hazards. It is your role as a business owner to provide your employees with appropriate clothing, footwear, and helmets.

8. Build a workforce

You’re going to hire employees for your company no matter how small it seems. If you are planning to take large or medium-sized projects, you will need to hire a considerable number of employees. Use accounting software such as Zoho and Freshbooks to simplify the bookkeeping chores.

To be on the safe side, research for regulations in both state and federal hiring practices in your state.

Computer Security

All the attempts to protect your online privacy can have no effect in case you ignore your local PC security. Even you are using anonymizing service to hide your IP address and to encrypt your entire Internet traffic, your computer may be vulnerable to network attacks, viruses, spyware applications, and data loss because of insufficient access protection. Viruses can be easily created using various “virus constructors” and sent to you by email as an attachment or uploaded exploiting your computer network vulnerabilities. As an example of specially created spying viruses (trojan viruses) we can refer to infamous “Magic Lantern”, an FBI program that can monitor keystrokes.
You will need special applications that will care of your computer security. There are many excellent products on the market today that provide protection at the highest level.

1. Personal firewall

A firewall acts as filter with custom defined rules to cut off undesired or suspicious traffic. It is a wall actually repelling the attacks from the outside (from the Internet). Also, good firewall software should allow you to configure it so that only “authorized” applications could communicate over the Internet. This will prevent any undesirable connection attempt from inside of your PC, e.g. spyware or a trojan virus may try sending data collected from your hard drive.
Due to large number of network security vulnerabilities in the operating systems it is highly recommended to use firewalls to protect your computer.

2. Antiviral software

Internet is highly contagious environment. It is a general truth nowadays when so many have suffered from virus attack. Antiviral software is a “must” on any Internet connected computer. It should be mentioned that simply buying any antiviral software is not a good idea. Most antiviral software use pattern matching algorithms and heuristics analysis, which may not be effective when it comes to fighting the viruses written by professionals (“Magic Lantern” trojan, for example). In addition to the above methods good antiviral software should perform a real-time audit of active applications and file systems, e.g. monitoring file size changes, issuing warnings about new executables, etc. This approach can guarantee that customer will be warned about any suspicious changes in the system. Even unknown virus or spyware will be detected and deleted.
It should be noted, that virus databases for your antiviral software should be updated as frequently as they are released by the vendor.

Computer Security

3. Hard drive data protection

The best solution is to use the software, which allows encrypting all the hard drive, including the operating system area, not only selected folders. This would guarantee that only the PC owner could access all the data on a PC. Unfortunately only few hard drive encryption tools will satisfy these criteria. Please avoid utilities “hiding” your folders. Using these tools you can hide something from your kids only (and not in all cases). The only way to protect data is to encrypt it, not to hide.

Good hard drive encryption utility should solve several problems for your privacy.

  1. Computer access security. Password based access to your computer combined with hard drive encryption will make it impossible to copy the data from your hard drive or install spyware while you are out of home or office. Please note, only utilities allowing whole hard drive encryption can provide this level of protection.
  2. Confidential data protection. When it comes to confidential data protection, two problems should be solved: restricting access to the confidential data, and deleting this confidential data when you do not need it anymore. Hard drive encryption will solve both problems. Overall encryption would safeguard your laptop (even a desktop) even in case of theft. Only the person knowing the password will be able to access confidential data. Your private data will remain private. Deleting files is not always as good as it sounds. Even wiped files can be restored in many cases. And, are you sure that all the files were deleted? It is more comfortable to know that all the data is encrypted.
  3. Temporary files and cached files protection. There are many utilities to delete browser cached pages and temporary files. Unfortunately this gives only the illusion of protection. Many applications would create their own temporary files in the most unexpected places, adding records to the operating system registry, etc. We recommend using encryption software for protecting data stored on your local hard drives including system area (where most of the temporary and cached files remains) for the peace of mind. Please note, only utilities allowing whole hard drive encryption can provide this level of protection.
  4. Protecting data on your backup media. In case you perform backups from your working files and confidential data, these backups should be protected as well. Encryption utility should support your backup media.

One more point: your data will be safe as your password is safe. Do not ever share your hard drive passwords.

4. “spyware removal” tools

Sometimes people are using so-called “spyware removal” tools, e.g. software detecting spyware. Those tools deal with unwanted adware and spyware on your computer. The main source of spyware are websites that make use bugs in users’ browsers to install code on your computer allowing to research your browsing habits, etc. Also, “spyware removal” tools can detect and destroy spyware designed to obtain account details for online payment systems like e-gold, PayPal and many others. In case you use online payment systems it is quite important to check your PC with “spyware removal” tool before logging in. In most cases using personal firewall and antiviral software cannot block such spyware. Most of “spyware removal” tools have built-in database of known spyware and tools to remove it, and it is important to keep the database up to date. It should be noted, that only disabling java and ActiveX can guarantee your browser safety and prevent your PC from infecting through the web browser. Not all custom developed spyware (especially those targeted to a separate group of Internet users, e.g. the users of a certain online resource, payment system, etc.) can be detected by “spyware removal” tools. Such spyware will simply not be listed in the tool database.

To summarize all the above, we would recommend installing on your computer the following tools: personal firewall, antiviral software, spyware detection utility, and hard drive encryption utility. Having all this tools will improve your computer security and make it almost impossible to break in.

Data Interception

We all hear about the FBI Carnivore program, about ISP tech staff (motivated by private investigators or competitors) spying on customers, about some companies “monitor all internet activities to cut expenses on IT“ policies. In many cases user’s Internet traffic can be intercepted from the computers sharing same LAN (local area network) or wireless network with the computer being monitored. Data interception is the danger you should count with. How can we protect ourselves from data interception? To find the proper solution we should understand first how the data interception could be performed.

Internet is build as a hierarchy system. Below is a very simplified picture of the Internet: end users are connected to the ISP network through the DSL/cable connections or dialup, ISPs networks are connected to a few bigger, national wide ISPs, and big ISPs are connected between themselves. There are special computers to find the proper path for data packets traveling to the destination – ISP gateways or routers – that examine each packet passing through them and transferring it to the next gateway until the packet reaches its destination. The path between the source network and the destination network is called “route”. Routes (paths between networks) are being chosen depending on the network load, link availability, etc. and change frequently, sometimes a few times a day. Usually data packets are traveling to the destination server through dozen of different networks and gateways.

Let us examine how the data packets travel from your PC to the destination server through the Internet.

 

Data Interception

After data packets are leaving your PC they are passed to the ISP gateway. ISP gateway, which has multiple connections to the bigger ISP networks, will examine destination IP address, choose proper “next hop” gateway and then forward packet to this gateway. New gateway will perform the same procedure, and so on.

So where is a weak point in this chain? There is a single point where all your data is passed: your ISP gateway. After the packet leaves your ISP network it is almost impossible to predict its route, since it will depend on the destination. Even if the destination is same, the routes change, today it is one route, and tomorrow it will be some other. To monitor somebody’s Internet activities the interested party should monitor the ISP traffic, the single point where all this traffic is passed through. Actually it is how government Internet monitoring systems like “Carnivore” and analogue European system “Echelon” was implemented. Some smaller countries and Arabic countries have a few or even one external Internet connection, which makes it technically possible to block sites or perform monitoring on nationwide ISP level.

To protect your data from the interception you should use traffic encryption. The main idea is that the data should be passed through the ISP network and further – outside of your home country, encrypted. This will guarantee that neither ISP staff nor government authorities can intercept your data. The only technical problem is that both participating parties in data communication should support encryption, and this cannot be achieved in many cases. Most websites, email providers are not supporting encryption. Many Internet services cannot support encryption by design. For example, ICQ, IRC, FTP, newsgroups protocols do not support encryption. This means that data to these servers cannot be encrypted from your PC to the destination.

When the end-to-end encryption cannot be achieved for various reasons, third party services can be used to encrypt the traffic. This will allow safely passing the data through the monitored ISP gateways and country borders links.

Here is the simplified picture of how such services works.

Data Interception

All the traffic will be encrypted on the way from your computer to the special tunneling server, then – unencrypted, and passed to the destination server (mail server, web server, IRC) in unencrypted form. Please note, if the destination server supports encryption itself, https secure web sites for example, traffic will be encrypted twice, e.g. passed through the tunneling server in encrypted form and unencrypted only by destination server. In other words, you may safely send PGP encrypted emails or visit secure sites through such tunneling servers.
Main advantage of these kinds of services is that they provide not only data protection, but IP address anonymity as well. All the remote servers you are communicating through the encrypted tunnel, will see only tunneling server IP address, not yours.

Once you are familiar with data interception techniques and “IP anonymity” problem you may pass to our next page “Internet Security Solutions” where we will review most of the technologies used for data interception protection and anonymizing Internet activities.